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16 December Victory Day: Minds Without Fear, Heads Held High

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Today is National Victory Day. The 49th anniversary of victory earned through the sacrifice of enormous bloodshed. The day of the emergence of Bangladesh as an independent sovereign state to this world.

After a long 9 months of armed struggle, sacrificing a lot of lives and huge bloodshed, valiant Bengalis claimed the victory on this very day. After oppressing the freedom-seeking of this land the Pakistani attacking force surrendered to the people on this very day. With this surrender of the Pakistani forces, it came to an end of a two and a half decades of exploitation and deprivation of the Pakistanis. The nation got free from persecution and oppression.

Everyone is now analyzing the gains and expectations of the 49 years spent after independence. In this 49th anniversary of Victory the departed souls of the freedom fighters having peace – the heinous war criminals gradually being punished. The whole nation will commemorate the millions of martyrs who sacrificed themselves with utmost homage and love. For the supreme sacrifices of these great souls, we got an independent and sovereign Bangladesh. At the same time, strong commitment will be expressed to make Bangladesh a prosperous future-oriented one. To observe the occasion many programs would be celebrated by the government and non-government initiatives. All government and non-government institutions will hoist the National flag today. Various political parties, social and cultural organizations, and the educational institutes will hold programs.

The sun of independence that was set at the Palashi’s mango orchard in 1957, has again risen upon this 16th December on 1971. The glorious moment of victory was initiated in this day. 91 thousand 549 Pakistani soldiers surrendered in the broad daylight. The Chief of Eastern regional wing of Pakistan Army Lt. General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi signed the surrender document to the supreme commander to the Eastern regional wing of the Allied forces Lt. General Jagjit Singh Aurora at the historical Race Course Ground (well known as Suhrawardi Uddyan today). Not through negotiations, not through somebody’s kind favor, a victory through the struggle sacrificing sea of blood, which defeated the Pakistan forces and were bound to surrender with heads all down. The world beholds the birth of a new independent state. And the glorious leader who guided and lead the nation to this victory is perpetually unfading and luminous, the greatest Bangali in thousand years, the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Delight comes in many ways in life. But being able to observe the victory through the sacrifice of million’s bloodshed earning the freedom of motherland from the oppression of alien forces has no comparison at all! The glorious and victorious sun has risen to this land of 55 thousand square miles on this day. The freedom crazy Bangalis snatched this sun smashing the oppression and subservience. The sun that glows with the bloodstains of the sacrifices the color of victory. This color of blood and victory along with the greenery of Bengal makes our National Flag. That sun of that victory day had the visions of the future, for which 3 million people sacrificed their lives. After a long 9 months of suffering, a new country was born, an independent and sovereign Bangladesh.

In fact, the glorious moment of independence of Bangladesh did not come just in a day. Behind this lies the history of sweaty struggles of the nation. And if anyone would be thought as the great commander of these struggles the name of the greatest Bengali of thousand years the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman would always be there. Bangabandhu means Bangladesh. Bangabandhu means freedom. Bangabandhu means our new entity. His existence belongs to every inch of the 55 thousand square miles of the land.

Bengalis gave their blood in the British colonial age. Struggled against oppression, exploitation, and deprivation. In the struggles and movements of about 200 years, this Bengali nation has sacrificed the most blood. On 1947, the Bangali nation’s efforts were there in establishing a state called Pakistan. Bengalis were the main architect behind the making of Pakistan. But it took only a few years to get out of the disillusion. The oppression and exploitation, for which they had driven the British away, the same came to their lives in Pakistan in a few years. That begun the struggles of a new era. Pakistanis considered the people of this land their underlings. Bengalis were being relived in terms of economically and politically and in every aspect. They even refused to accept the electoral results. The turning points of history against them came in the form of 52’s Language movement, 66’s Historical 6 point demand movement and 69’s mass revolt, etc. The final blow was the result of the election of the 1970s. A new chapter began. On the glorious day of 7th March, Bangabandhu declared in his thunderous proclamation, “Struggle of this time, is the struggle for freedom, this struggle is our struggle for independence”. This proclamation brought new enthusiasm to the nation, brought craziness for the desire for freedom. About 90 thousand Pakistani soldiers accepted the defeat through surrender on this day at the Race Course Ground.

Martyred Intellectual Day, Bangladesh: Our Deepest Tribute to The Brightest Minds of Our Soil

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14 December, the Martyred Intellectuals’ day. The day we lost the best children of the soil. The most grieved day of the Bangali nation. On this day on 1971, when the final victory of the War of Liberation was sure to happen, at that very moment the attacking Pakistani forces and their collaborators – the Razakars, Al Badr, Al Shams forces abducted the best and most talented intellectuals of the nation – all the academics, researchers, physicians, engineers, journalists, poets and writers were kidnapped, blind folded in the dark of night and then were killed brutally.

The anti-liberation forces realized that, their defeat is inescapable. If these best intelligentsias of the soil are left alive, they won’t be able to survive in this country. The country will turn into prosperity and glory from the ruins of the war. So, they master planned this conspiracy to make the nation talentless and crippled, by killing the most intelligent personals of in most heinous way possible.

This massacre of 14th December 1971 was the heinous most barbaric one, which had stunned the peace loving people all around the world. The Pakistani forces and their local collaborators left the dead bodies of those intellectuals at many places of Dhaka including Mirpur, Rayer Bazar etc after killing them brutally.

Right after achieving the victory on 16th December 1971, the close relatives of the martyred intellectuals discovered the melted and mishandled bodies at the Mirpur and Rayer bazar graveyard. The dead bodies carried signs of tortures. They were blind-folded and their hands were tied at the back. Some of them had more than one bullet shots. Some were killed with sharp weapons. Most of the bodies were too much distorted that the relatives failed to recognize their beloved ones.

From the nationally published Martyred Intellectuals Day collection on 1972, news published on various publications and from the write up of international journalist Nicholas Tomalin at the international news magazine “News Week”, the number of martyred intellectuals totaled at 1070.

During post liberation war, in the report of the Investigation Committee for the intellectuals formed on 29th December of 1971 said, Rao Forman Ali had planned to kill 20,000 intellectuals of the country. But the massacre was not possible to be carried out according to that master plan. Because the plan of Rao Forman Ali was to kill the intellectuals by inviting them all to the government house.

Chief of that Intellectual Investigation Committee Johir Rayhan said they have sorted out all the democratic minded intellectuals and attacked them flawlessly.

Convener to that commission was the film maker Johir Rayhan, who himself had been missing since 30th January 1972.

The first Prime Minister to the temporary government to Bangladesh Tazuddin Ahmed decided to create an investigation commission on 31st December, 1971. But his decision was not carried out later.

According to a document published by the Intellectuals’ Massacre Investigation Commission, the culprits who were active in this heinous act were Brigadier Raza, Brigadier Aslam, Captain Tareq, Colonel Taz, Colonel Taher of Pakistan Army and VC Professor Syed Sajjad Hossain, Dr. Mohor Ali, ABM Khalek Mojumder, Ashrafuzzaman Chowdhury and Moinuddin of Al Badr. All of them were led by Major General Rao Forman Ali.

A description of the list of killed by the local collaborators to the attacking forces, the Al Badr, from among the best intellectuals of this land was found from the case filed at Ramna Police Station from the statement of Farida Banu. She mentioned in the statement of the case that, his brother Giasuddin Ahmed was the senior lecturer of the department of history at Dhaka University and was the house tutor to Mosin Hall. On 14th December the killers searched for him at his residence adjacent to the hall and then to the hall. They found him in front of the hall. They folded his eyes with the hand wiper of the guard of the hall, Abdur Rahman. Afterwards they took him by a microbus of EPRTC. He never came back.

Killers has gone to the other house tutors too. At that period the ex Director General of Bangla Academy was the student of that hall. He witnessed the whole incident. Later they came to know, other than Giasuddin Ahmed from among the teachers of Dhaka University, the Al Badr took Dr. Mohammad Murtoza, Dr. Abul Khayer, Professor Rashidul Hasan, Proessor Anwar Pasha, Professor Sirajul Haque and Dr. Santosh Bhattacharya and many others.

Son of the martyred intellectual Professor Sirajul Haque, Enamul Haque identified two of the abductors. They were Chowdhury Moinuddin and Ashrafuzzaman. Both of them were then students of university. Among them Ashrafuzzaman were working as journalist at the Observer. After the country is liberated, Farida Banu left the residence at the university and took a rented apartment at Azimpur.

On 4th January 1972 she with her relatives found melted corpse of many intellectuals including Dr. Murtoza, Dr. Abul Khayer and Dr. Santosh Bhattyacharya.

On 5th January, she found her brother, Giasuddin Ahmed’s melted dead body near the current Martyred Intellectuals’ Monument. She recognized him by the lungi and the clothing he was wearing. The alleged criminals under the intellectuals massacre case, Chowdhury Moinuddin is living in London and Ashrafuzzaman in New York.

Every year the nation observes this day with congruous honor and respect comemorating the intellectuals. This year too, govt has taken many programs in schedule to observe this day. And various political, social and cultural organizations also have taken different programs.

Plan of Massacre

Major General Rao Forman Ali, was the mastermind behind the plan for cleansing the intellectuals on behalf of Pakistan forces. Initially they wanted to kill all the intellectuals on the single operation of ‘Operation Searchlight’, on the dark killing night of 25th March. The Pakistan armies were looking for the intellectuals and were killing them during the operation. Many of the teachers of Dhaka University were killed on the night of 25th March. But, the greater part of the planned killing took place just a few days before the war ended. During the war, the Pakistan army and their trained semi militant force the Al Badr and Al Shams had created a list, where they included all the freedom loving intellectuals. Its assumed that Major General Rao Forman Ali was the mastermind behind this cleansing. Because after the independence, his own handwritten diary was discovered from the ruins of Bangabhaban, where list of many killed and living intellectuals were found. Besides, the information secretary during Ayub’s regime, Altaf Gowhor told in an interview that, in the list of intellectuals the name of his own friend poet Sanaul Haque was present too. By the request of Altaf Gowhor, Rao Forman Ali deleted the name of Sanaul Haque from amongst the list in the diary. Also a note on his diary tells he managed the vehicles for he Al Badr forces. Also, two American citizen’s named Height and Dospeak were found in his diary as well. Besides their names CIA and DGIS was written. Height was in the army’s detective force since 1953 and Dospeak was an agent of CIA. For this reason, it is suspected that CIA was behind the whole plan.

The Killing

From December 8, curfew was ruled again in the Dhaka city. Preparation to cleanse the intellectuals was started from December 10. Evidently the vital part of the plan took place on 14th of December. Pakistan army and their collaborators captured and abducted the professors, journalists, artists, engineers, writers and other marked intellectuals from their residences. About 200 of the intellectuals were abducted from their home on that day. Blind-folded, they were taken to torture homes at Mirpur, Mohammadpur, Nakhalpara, Razarbag and many other places. And tortures put on them were nightmarish. Later they were brutally killed and left out at the mass graveyards at Rayerbag and Mirpur.

People involved

Major General Rao Forman Ali was the mastermind behind the mass cleansing operation on behalf of Pakistan’s army junta. And in making the list and killing according to the plan, assisted the notorious Al Badr militia force a sub-group created by the Jamaat-e-Islami. In this killing of the intellectuals, the main killers were the Chowdhury Moinuddin (operation-in-charge) and Ashrafuzzaman (main butcher) of Al Badr force. After 16th December the personal diary of Ashrafuzzaman Khan was discovered from his Nakhalpara residence, in which 20 of the intellectuals were listed in two pages along with their quarter numbers in the university. According to the given testimony by his driver Mofizuddin, a number of dead bodies of intellectuals’ were found melted, whom he witnessed to be shot by his own hand. And Chowdhury Moinuddin was a central committee member of Jamaat-e-Islami during 1971. He used to send the names of intellectuals to Rao Forman Ali and Brigadier Bashir Ahmed from the Observer Building. Also there were ABM Khalek Mojumder (killer of Shahidullah Kaiser), Maulana Abdul Mannan (killer of Doctor Alim Chowdhury), Abdul Quader Mullah (killer of poet Meherunnessa) et al.

The verdict on the Killing

On Nov 3, 2013, a Special Court in Dhaka has sentenced two former leaders of the al-Badr killing squad to death for war crimes committed during Bangladesh’s war of liberation in 1971. Chowdhury Mueen-Uddin, a Muslim leader based in London, and Ashrafuz Zaman Khan, based in the US, were sentenced in absentia after the court found that they were involved in the abduction and murders of 18 intellectuals – nine Dhaka University teachers, six journalists and three physicians – in December 1971. Prosecutors said the killings were carried out between 10 and 15 December, when Pakistan was losing the war in Bangladesh (then East Pakistan), and were part of a campaign intended to strip the newborn nation of its intellectuals.

Statistics

The number of intellectuals killed is estimated in Banglapedia as follows –

Academics – 991
Journalist – 13
Physician – 49
Lawyer – 42
Others (litterateur, artist and engineer) – 16

The district wise break-up of the number of martyred academicians and lawyers published in 1972 was as follows –

District and Division

Academicians

Lawyers

Primary

Secondary

Higher Secondary

Dhaka 37 8 10 6
Faridpur 27 12 4 3
Tangail 20 7 2
Mymensingh 46 28 1 2

Dhaka Division

130

55

17

10

Chittagong 39 16 7 1
Chittagong Hill Tracts 9 4 1 1
Sylhet 19 7 2
Comilla 45 33 1 4
Noakhali 26 13 4 2

Chittagong Division

138

73

13

10

Khulna 48 15 2 2
Jessore 55 31 5 4
Barisal 50 21 4
Patuakhali 3 1
Kushtia 28 13 4

Khulna Division

184

81

15

6

Rajshahi 39 8 3 5
Rangpur 41 22 9 4
Dinajpur 50 10 1 2
Bogra 14 12 2
Pabna 43 9 1 2

Rajshahi Division

187

61

14

15

Bangladesh

639

270

59

41

Martyred academicians (not affiliated to universities) = 968

Martyred university teachers = 21

Total martyred academicians = 989

***Administrative districts and divisions mentioned here are as they were in 1972.

Information source: bdnews24, Bangla Pedia

December: Month of Victory

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December is the month of victory. It is the month to remember the sacrifices of nation’s bravest sons an daughters. It is the month to celebrate the victory achieved through sheer will and bravery against a horde of monsters from West Pakistan. The glorious symbol of independence gained in exchange for the lives of three million martyrs and two lakh mothers and sisters will be celebrated through various ceremonies in the month of this year’s victory.

The greatest event in the long political history of Bangladesh was the great Liberation War of 1971. This month marks the fulfilment of thousands of years of social, political and economic dreams of the Bengali nation through a historic event of armed freedom struggle under the leadership of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

The greatest achievement of the Bengali nation was the unforgettable victory of the war of liberation which was achieved on 16th December of this month. Bengalis gained recognition all over the world as an independent nation. Bengalis acquired its own territory. And its own national flag inlaid with red sun on the green chest. The nationalism that developed on the basis of language, the freedom declared after the victory after a bloody war is fulfilled on this day.

This December is also a month of mourning for the Bengalis as they have fulfilled their thousand-year-old dreams and achieved this in exchange for many fresh lives and respect of their mothers and sisters.

In the same month, the anti-independence forces, in collaboration with their local collaborators Razakar-Al-Badr Al-Shams, carried out a brutal massacre of the country’s best sons, intellectuals. There is no other instance in the world of such a heinous massacre to make the entire nation cripple.

From the beginning of December 1971, news of the defeat of the barbaric Pakistani aggressors in the face of guerrilla attacks by the freedom fighters and the joint force of the Indian Allied Forces on water, land and air began to spread.

On 16 December this year, Pakistani forces were forced to surrender at the historic Race course Maidan (now Suhrawardy Udyan) in Dhaka. On March 7, the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the architect of independence, called for independence, saying, “This time the struggle is for our liberation, this time the struggle is for freedom.” The final victory of the bloody war of liberation of 9 months was achieved. And the nation achieved the freedom of a thousand years dream.

On the fateful night of March 25, 1971, the Pakistani executioners launched a surprise armed attack on the unarmed people, killing thousands and forcing an unequal war on the unarmed Bengalis. Bangabandhu formally declared independence before being arrested by the Pak army on the night of March 25, 1971 and in response to his call the Bengali nation unitedly jumped into the war of liberation. On the night of March 25, the Pakistani aggressors faced armed resistance at the Rajarbagh police line. The final victory of the nation was achieved on 16th December in return for the loss of 30 lakh martyrs and 2 lakh mothers and sisters in the long 9-month armed people’s war.

COVID-19: Bangladesh Situation Report

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Basic Information

The first case of Covid-19 in Bangladesh was detected on 8 March 2020. So far, the country has detected 401,586 confirmed cases of Covid-19, of whom, 5,838 have died and 318,123 have recovered after treatment. In total, 551,865 people have been quarantined (institutional and home) till date of whom 512,147 have been released from the state of quarantine. Till today 73,418 patients have been released from institutional isolation.

The national response is being headed by the Honourable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina herself in close conjunction with relevant public health agencies like the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Directorate General Health Services (DGHS) and the IEDCR. Bangladesh is also working closely with the various international organisations in Bangladesh, including the World Health Organisation (WHO). Committees have been formed at city-corporation, municipality, district, upazila and union levels for coronavirus prevention.

General Measures

– Social and Physical Distancing: These are being enforced through a general holiday for the entire country till 14th May. All govt and private offices remain closed. Banking is limited to two hours per day only in limited branches. Army has been deployed to help the civil administration. All shopping malls, restaurants, shops have been closed. Only groceries, pharmacies etc are open. Grocers can remain open till 2 pm, super-shops need to close by 7 pm. Only pharmacies can remain open for hours as before.

All places of worship, including mosques, have been closed for public congregations by government order. People have been asked to pray from their homes. All educational institutions have been closed, residential halls vacated, and examinations postponed. All public gatherings have been stopped. Earlier, the Prime Minister had directed that all celebration of Mujib Year will remain suspended in the current situation.

– Lockdowns and Quarantines: Areas with most cases of infected patients were subjected to complete lockdown. So far 3 divisions, 49 districts and 395 upazillas were locked down. People being quarantined at home, are under strict monitoring of the local law enforcers and administrative officials.

– Transportation: All domestic flights within Bangladesh were closed till June 1. International flights have resumed since July. All public transport, inter-city buses, commuter trains, inter-district trains, water launches and ferries were closed till June.

Action in Health Sector

– Hospitals: Covid-19 patients are being treated at more than 111 centers around the country. Flu corners, as in separate outer wards and emergency, have been set in hospitals outside Dhaka. Hospitals treating COVID-19 patients are getting extra ventilators and ICUs. There are currently 569 High-flow nasal canulas and 358 Oxygen concentrators ready to treat patients.

As of 27th October, there are 564 ICU beds COVID-dedicated hospitals and 291 seats are vacant. Also, 9,365 beds are vacant among 11,730 general beds in these hospitals. 290 organisations have been prepared for institutional quarantine across the country.

Directorate General of Health Services has dedicated for numbers for information related to ICU or general beds. Those are 01313791130, 01313791138, 01313791139, 01313791140.

– Tele and Digital Health: The Government is operating several major telephone hotlines to offer health advice to people. 4,206 volunteer doctors are connected in this service to provide free health advice to citizens. Till date, more than 22 million people have received health advice and Covid-19 primary screening over these hotlines since 8 March 2020. The government is also using digital technology to help. www.corona.gov.bd is the dedicated website in this regard. The government has also started using big data and artificial intelligence through mobile phone data to identify hot zones for giving special attention.

– Testing: COVID-19 testing facilities are now available in 111 laboratories around the country. Outside Dhaka, 46 testing laboratories are currently operational in all major cities. Till 26th October, 2,271,347 samples have been tested in these labs.

Economic and Social Justice Measures

– Stimulus Package: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has announced 20 stimulus packages worth TK 111,137 Crore TK (approximately US$ 13.12 billion) for tackling the impact of the pandemic on Bangladesh economy.

On 5th April HPM announced a package worth 72,750 Crore (approximately US$ 8.5 billion). The package consists of four main features: 1) Increasing public expenditure; 2) Introducing fiscal packages; 3) Expanding social security programmes; 4) Increasing money supply.

These four pillars would be complemented by the following strategies: i) Providing working capital for affected enterprises in industrial and service sectors; ii) Providing working capital for small and medium enterprises (including cottage industries); iii) Expanding the benefits under the Bangladesh Bank managed ‘Export Development Fund’; iv) Introducing the ‘Pre Shipment Credit Refinance Scheme’.

Earlier, the Hon. Prime Minister had announced an urgent hardship fund worth TK 5000 Crore (approximately US$ 592.2 million) for paying the salaries and other benefits of workers from export-oriented industries. Altogether, the value of the stimulus package announced by the Prime Minister stands at 72,750 Crore Taka (approximately US$ 8.573 billion), which is 2.52% of the GDP.

On 12th April, Prime Minister also announces a stimulus package worth Tk. 5000 crore (approximately US$ 592.2 million) from which the farmers can take a loan with a 5% interest rate. Farmers will be provided with fertilisers, machinery, fuel and electricity at subsidised prices under one of the packages involving Tk 9,500 crore. Prime Minister have declared allocation of Tk 200 crore for harvesting and mechanization of agriculture and Tk. 150 crores for seeds and seedlings distribution among affected farmers so that farmers can continue agriculture production.

The government will also give Tk 4000 crore (US$ 471 million approx.) as cash support to each of the 50 lakh urban families hit hard by the nationwide shutdown. Each family will get Tk 8000.

On 4th May, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has declared a special loan package of Tk 3000 Crore (US$ 353.3 million) for low-income professionals, farmers and small & medium entrepreneurs.

On 14th May, HPM has announced an allocation of Tk 2500 Crore (US$ 293.8 million) to Karmasangsthan Bank and Probashi Kalyan Bank to help the youths and expatriate Bangladeshis who became jobless amid the coronavirus pandemic.

HPM Sheikh Hasina also announced a package worth TK 1840 Crore to subsidize the interest of outstanding loans during April and May 2020.

– Help for Low-Income Groups: Urgent food support in cities and villages have been ordered through district administration for low-income groups and day labourers. Food and cash support are being provided for low-income groups for up to 6 months under ‘Ghora Fera Prokolpo’ whereby urban low-income groups are provided for in their native districts. For immediate humanitarian assistance, the government has allocated 172,467 metric tonnes of rice and 97.77 cores (US$ 11.5 million approx.) of cash handouts which are being distributed to the low-income groups across the country via local administration and local government representatives.

Additionally, the government is operating the ‘Rice for TK 10 per KG’ programme in the cities, divisions and district levels. For instance, in Dhaka alone, this scheme would benefit 39,180 families living in 73 slums in the city. Accommodation and livelihood have been arranged for 100,000 low-income persons at the custom-built Bhashan Char Project. The government is operating a telephone helpline for people needing urgent food support.

Government has also launched a cash support program for 5 million destitute families. A total of Tk 1250 Crore (US$ 147.2 million) will be disbursed for these families.

On 20th May, HPM Sheikh Hasina announced Tk 122.2 crores for mosques around the country so that the mosques are kept in good condition as the mosques are facing economic hardship due to the countrywide lockdown since March 2020.

– Bills, Loans Etc: Utility (gas, electricity, water) bills can be paid up to June without late fees. By the same token, current micro-credit loan interests can be paid up to June without late fees. Bangladesh’s central bank has decided not to classify any loan as ‘bad’ till June. In this period, none will be declared as loan defaulter for failing to pay instalments or interests. Deadline for collecting income from export has been extended to six months from two months. Similarly, the timeframe of meeting up import expenditure has also been extended to six months from four months. Limit of the monetary transaction through mobile banking has been increased.

– Support for Frontline Workers: The Prime Minister, to express her gratitude to the frontline workers, like healthcare professionals, law enforcers, army and directly engaged employees of the republic announced on 7th April the following measures: a) Rewarding the doctors, nurses and health professionals directly engaged with a special honorarium. A list of recipients is being prepared in this regard; b) Making all arrangements for treatment from the government if anyone gets infected as a result of frontline duties; c) Insurance for all health professionals, law enforcers, members of the armed forces and employees of the republic engaged directly in fighting Covid-19; Depending on rank, the insurance amount will be between 5 to 10 Lakhs TK. In case of death or risk of death, the amount will be raised fivefold. Prime Minister has also announced special packages for Bank officials who are working in branch offices around the country to ensure that people have access to their savings and can support themselves during these desperate times. Every bank officials who have to go to the office during shut down will get a full salary if they work for ten days. They will also receive a percentage of their basic salary in addition to the regular salary.

International Cooperation

Bangladesh working closely with other countries to face this global crisis. The country is donating 1.5 million USD to SAARC fund to fight coronavirus in the South Asian region.

Sheikh Hasina: Daughter of Democracy and Herald of Change

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She gave the nation a new vision – Vision 2021, transforming Bangladesh into a middle-income country. She gave Bangladeshis the dream of Digital Bangladesh- an IT-based country. Four decades into independence, she has brought solace for 3 million martyrs and their families by initiating the much-awaited war crimes trial.

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina led the country to witness the economy growing at a record pace. Her prudent leadership ensured the primary school enrolment rate reaching the highest it has ever been. Her visionary approaches to women empowerment earned her global acclamation. During her first tenure, she made the peace treaty – ending decades-long conflict in CHT. Most importantly, she is the custodian of the spirit of 1971-Liberation War of Bangladesh.

The daughter of assassinated parents – the sister of murdered brothers, she literally turned grief into the courage to lead the country. Following the assassination of most of her family members by a group of disgruntled army officers, she had to spend six years in exile. Her comeback, in 1981, meant the comeback of democracy, the farewell to unelected power and beginning of the national progress. She herself survived as many as 19 murder attempts including 2004-grenade attack by militants, backed by the then BNP led government.

Elected the Prime Minister for the fourth time in 2019, she is putting her best to build a poverty and hunger-free country as envisioned by her father –the father of the nation – Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

A Born Leader

She was born in Tungipara of Gopalganj district on September 28, 1947 – the year marking the births of two countries – India and Pakistan. Bangladesh became a part of Pakistan. Her father spent most of the times organizing movements against the repressive regime of Pakistan. Sheikh Hasina as a student leader took part in pro-liberation movements. She actively participated in anti-Aiyub (the then President of Pakistan) movement in 1962.

As the Vice President of the students’ union at Eden College, she led a movement in demand of building Shaheed Minar (memorial for language martyrs). Badrunnessa and Eden Girls’ College was one college in those days. Her movement turned into a success. Language heroes sacrificed their lives in 1952 protesting Pakistan’s decision to wipe out Bangla as a state language. During the 1971-Liberation War of Bangladesh, her father Bangabandhu was arrested and landed in a Pakistani jail. Sheikh Hasina with her mother Begum Mujib, both confined to the house, played a vital strategic role in the war.

Champion of Change 

On December 12, 2008 evening, Sheikh Hasina presented “the charter of change” – the election manifesto of Awami League which later became the unanimously accepted charter in the ninth parliamentary election. In the election, her party won 264 seats out of 300. The charter outlined the nation’s roadmap to become a middle-income country within 2021.

Under her leadership, the national GDP crossed 8% milestone. The present per capita income increased to 2064 USD. Poverty rate has been reduced by 20%. One crore people have been employed.

She herself is one of the top 100 women in the world. She works untiringly to transform the fate of the country’s women as well. Her remarkable contribution to women and girls education earned her ‘Tree of Peace’ award by UNESCO.

Her policies have turned around 20 million lives. The United Nations General Assembly has adopted her six-point resolution on poverty. In addition, many state-premiers and international organisations working on reducing poverty have come up with effusive praises for her.

During the first term, her government constructed Jamuna Multi-purpose bridge, 11th largest bridge of the world. In the wake of the devastating 1998-flood, her government supplied food to around 20 million helpless people. Some remarkable achievements also took place in that regime – gaining food security, 21st February (mother language day of Bangladesh) getting recognized as the International Mother Language Day.

For her contribution in expanding information technology, ensuring healthcare to the grassroots level, improvement of society’s distress people through safety net programme and success in poverty alleviation, she has been honored with ‘South-South Cooperation Visionary’ Award of United Nations.

For building a healthy future for her people and to set an example for the developing countries, Sheikh Hasina put her best to ensure a healthy mother and healthy child. This tireless effort came with achievement in 2011 as Bangladesh achieved the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality by 50 percent well ahead of 2015. UNICEF awarded her with the Champion of Youth Development award 2019. During the Corona-crisis in Bangladesh, her leadership has been praised by world leaders and organizations.

The Pathfinder of Democracy
Sheikh Hasina led Bangladesh to the path to democracy. With her untiring struggle and dynamic leadership, she had been succeeded in her attempt to free the country from the deadly clutch of the military regime in 1990 through the all-party political movement.

Her party Awami League became the main opposition under her leadership through the 1991-national election. In 1996, her leadership led Awami League to secure a win in the national election

Black chapters again took over in 2001. BNP-Jamaat formed the government. It was in this tenure militants raise their ugly heads. Simultaneous bombing in all 64 districts of Bangladesh occurred on a single day, 17th August 2005. On January 11, 2007, the Awami League’s all-out movement, led by Sheikh Hasina, resulted in the cancellation of the election – an evil design of the incumbent BNP-Jamaat alliance to assume state power depriving people of their rights to the franchise. The state of emergency was announced. A military-backed caretaker government took over. Conspiracies went on to overthrow Sheikh Hasina from politics. She was arrested on July 16, 2007.

Amid public protest and mass signatures against her detention, she was released on parole on June 11, 2008. She went abroad for treatment and came back on December 4. Her party won the ninth parliamentary election.

Upon completion of successful five years, public faith in her Vision-2021 got her for two consecutive terms, in 2014 and 2018.

As for her noble cause, she has always been a target of militants and fundamentalists due to her anti-terrorism stance. Till date, she survived as many as 19 murder attempts – the fiercest one taking place on 21st June 2004. It appeared like a doom’s day at the capital’s Bangabandhu Avenue. Grenades were showered on a Sheikh Hasina-led anti-terrorism rally. Then came bullets. Party leaders, activists and supporters cordoned around Sheikh Hasina, the then leader of the opposition. At least 30 (thirty) of them died. In the aftermath, the area was left with sandals, fleshes and blood. Hasina herself suffered severe hearing complications.

The Peacemaker

Throughout her life, Sheikh Hasina has demonstrated a resilient endeavour to promote peace and disarmament within the communities and across the globe. Her government strongly believes in the centrality and legitimacy of the UN as the custodian of global peace, security and development. Her commitment to international peace is manifested through Bangladesh’s flagship UNGA (United Nations General Assembly) Resolution on ‘Culture of Peace and Non-Violence’. She has overseen the contribution of 128,133 peacekeepers in 54 peace missions of United Nation.

Earlier, in 1998, Sheikh Hasina persuaded India and Pakistan not to start nuclear-arm competition when both the nations tested explosions of nuclear bombs. In recognition of her contribution for the signing of the CHT Peace Treaty, UNESCO bestowed its Houphouet-Boigny Peace Prize upon her. In 2013, she received the Rotary Peace Prize. On January 12, 2010, she was awarded the Indira Gandhi Peace Prize for her campaign for peace and development.

In 2016, UN WOMEN awarded her with Planet 50-50 Champion. For her unprecedented step to shelter more than 1 million Rohingyas has become an example of humanitarian leadership.

Custodian of the Spirit of 1971 

Flag destroyers cannot be trusted with flags. But a previous government had given the war criminals of the Liberation War of 1971, the rights to put the national flag on their cars! The ‘Razakaars’ who assisted the West Pakistani Army to kill 3 million Bangladeshi people and rape 300,000 mothers and sisters, were awarded ministries to govern! Voted back to power for the second time, Sheikh Hasina, in 2009, set up the highly transparent, impartial and independent International Crimes Tribunal (ICT) in line with her electoral promise to end the culture of impunity enjoyed by the war criminals. Some of the sentences have been carried out. Many of the war criminals are now facing the trial.

Protector of Our Nation’s Sovereignty
Thanks to her visionary diplomatic policies, the parliament of India has passed the historic Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh. This marked the end to four decades of old miseries of the enclave people. During her 2009-2013 tenure, Bangladesh won two maritime disputes with India and Myanmar. Bangladesh gained 19,467 square-kilometres out of total 25,602 square-kilometres disputed area with India in the Bay of Bengal.

Unyielding struggle and revolutionarily works of Sheikh Hasina for the betterment of mankind have made her a leader beyond the boundaries. Honors and awards continue to follow her. Now she has set her goal to uphold Bangladesh to the developed world. With her uncompromising stance towards the betterment of her men and her long journey in the country’s development, it is needless to say, only Sheikh Hasina holds the key to future Bangladesh.

How to Think and Act in the Plummeting Stock Market

0

People live better in big houses and in big clothes. I try to contrast; life today is full of contrast. We have to change! I am not interested in the past, except as the road to the future. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress.

Mass-market fashion is very modern

I think the idea of mixing luxury and, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. There has to be a balance between your mental satisfaction and the financial needs of your company. A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous.

Happy girl opening her present

I never look at other people’s work. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass.

I can design a collection in a day and I always do, cause I’ve always got a load of Italians on my back, moaning that it’s late. Sometimes the simplest things are the most profound.

Looking to the future with optimism

Luxury will be always around, no matter what happens in the world. There is always the new project, the new opportunity. Attention to detail is of utmost importance when you want to look good. I have a fantastic relationship with money. I use it to buy my freedom.

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore.

Confidence. If you have it, you can make anything look good. Abstinence from coffee, tobacco. Adventists has afforded a near-unique opportunity.

Clothes can transform your mood and confidence

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress. Elegance isn’t solely defined by what you wear. Clothes can transform your mood and confidence.

Fashion moves so quickly that, unless you have a strong point of view, you can lose integrity. I like to be real. I don’t like things to be staged or fussy. I think I’d go mad if I didn’t have a place to escape to. You have to stay true to your heritage, that’s what your brand is about.

People out on the streets again

Elegance is not the prerogative of those who have just escaped from adolescence, but of those who have already taken possession of their future.

Fashion fosters cliches of beauty, but I want to tear them apart. Every day I’m thinking about change. The only way to do something in depth is to work hard. For me, art is about learning. I’ve always tried to push myself technically and to push myself visually. That’s been part of the journey. I adore the challenge of creating truly modern clothes, where a woman’s personality and sense of self are revealed.

The Real Economy Has Never Been Tested by a Pandemic

0

People live better in big houses and in big clothes. I try to contrast; life today is full of contrast. We have to change! I am not interested in the past, except as the road to the future. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress.

Mass-market fashion is very modern

I think the idea of mixing luxury and, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. There has to be a balance between your mental satisfaction and the financial needs of your company. A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous.

Happy girl opening her present

I never look at other people’s work. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass.

I can design a collection in a day and I always do, cause I’ve always got a load of Italians on my back, moaning that it’s late. Sometimes the simplest things are the most profound.

Looking to the future with optimism

Luxury will be always around, no matter what happens in the world. There is always the new project, the new opportunity. Attention to detail is of utmost importance when you want to look good. I have a fantastic relationship with money. I use it to buy my freedom.

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore.

Confidence. If you have it, you can make anything look good. Abstinence from coffee, tobacco. Adventists has afforded a near-unique opportunity.

Clothes can transform your mood and confidence

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress. Elegance isn’t solely defined by what you wear. Clothes can transform your mood and confidence.

Fashion moves so quickly that, unless you have a strong point of view, you can lose integrity. I like to be real. I don’t like things to be staged or fussy. I think I’d go mad if I didn’t have a place to escape to. You have to stay true to your heritage, that’s what your brand is about.

People out on the streets again

Elegance is not the prerogative of those who have just escaped from adolescence, but of those who have already taken possession of their future.

Fashion fosters cliches of beauty, but I want to tear them apart. Every day I’m thinking about change. The only way to do something in depth is to work hard. For me, art is about learning. I’ve always tried to push myself technically and to push myself visually. That’s been part of the journey. I adore the challenge of creating truly modern clothes, where a woman’s personality and sense of self are revealed.

More and More People Stay Home as Coronavirus Spreads

0

People live better in big houses and in big clothes. I try to contrast; life today is full of contrast. We have to change! I am not interested in the past, except as the road to the future. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress.

Mass-market fashion is very modern

I think the idea of mixing luxury and, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. There has to be a balance between your mental satisfaction and the financial needs of your company. A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous.

Happy girl opening her present

I never look at other people’s work. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass.

I can design a collection in a day and I always do, cause I’ve always got a load of Italians on my back, moaning that it’s late. Sometimes the simplest things are the most profound.

Looking to the future with optimism

Luxury will be always around, no matter what happens in the world. There is always the new project, the new opportunity. Attention to detail is of utmost importance when you want to look good. I have a fantastic relationship with money. I use it to buy my freedom.

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore.

Confidence. If you have it, you can make anything look good. Abstinence from coffee, tobacco. Adventists has afforded a near-unique opportunity.

Clothes can transform your mood and confidence

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress. Elegance isn’t solely defined by what you wear. Clothes can transform your mood and confidence.

Fashion moves so quickly that, unless you have a strong point of view, you can lose integrity. I like to be real. I don’t like things to be staged or fussy. I think I’d go mad if I didn’t have a place to escape to. You have to stay true to your heritage, that’s what your brand is about.

People out on the streets again

Elegance is not the prerogative of those who have just escaped from adolescence, but of those who have already taken possession of their future.

Fashion fosters cliches of beauty, but I want to tear them apart. Every day I’m thinking about change. The only way to do something in depth is to work hard. For me, art is about learning. I’ve always tried to push myself technically and to push myself visually. That’s been part of the journey. I adore the challenge of creating truly modern clothes, where a woman’s personality and sense of self are revealed.

Witnessing the Birth of the New Coronavirus Economy

0

People live better in big houses and in big clothes. I try to contrast; life today is full of contrast. We have to change! I am not interested in the past, except as the road to the future. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress.

Mass-market fashion is very modern

I think the idea of mixing luxury and, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. There has to be a balance between your mental satisfaction and the financial needs of your company. A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous.

Happy girl opening her present

I never look at other people’s work. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass.

I can design a collection in a day and I always do, cause I’ve always got a load of Italians on my back, moaning that it’s late. Sometimes the simplest things are the most profound.

Looking to the future with optimism

Luxury will be always around, no matter what happens in the world. There is always the new project, the new opportunity. Attention to detail is of utmost importance when you want to look good. I have a fantastic relationship with money. I use it to buy my freedom.

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore.

Confidence. If you have it, you can make anything look good. Abstinence from coffee, tobacco. Adventists has afforded a near-unique opportunity.

Clothes can transform your mood and confidence

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress. Elegance isn’t solely defined by what you wear. Clothes can transform your mood and confidence.

Fashion moves so quickly that, unless you have a strong point of view, you can lose integrity. I like to be real. I don’t like things to be staged or fussy. I think I’d go mad if I didn’t have a place to escape to. You have to stay true to your heritage, that’s what your brand is about.

People out on the streets again

Elegance is not the prerogative of those who have just escaped from adolescence, but of those who have already taken possession of their future.

Fashion fosters cliches of beauty, but I want to tear them apart. Every day I’m thinking about change. The only way to do something in depth is to work hard. For me, art is about learning. I’ve always tried to push myself technically and to push myself visually. That’s been part of the journey. I adore the challenge of creating truly modern clothes, where a woman’s personality and sense of self are revealed.

Companies Are Putting Profits Ahead of Public Health

0

People live better in big houses and in big clothes. I try to contrast; life today is full of contrast. We have to change! I am not interested in the past, except as the road to the future. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress.

Mass-market fashion is very modern

I think the idea of mixing luxury and, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. There has to be a balance between your mental satisfaction and the financial needs of your company. A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous.

Happy girl opening her present

I never look at other people’s work. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass. Give me time and I’ll give you a revolution. I can’t get sucked into that celebrity thing, because I think it’s just crass.

I can design a collection in a day and I always do, cause I’ve always got a load of Italians on my back, moaning that it’s late. Sometimes the simplest things are the most profound.

Looking to the future with optimism

Luxury will be always around, no matter what happens in the world. There is always the new project, the new opportunity. Attention to detail is of utmost importance when you want to look good. I have a fantastic relationship with money. I use it to buy my freedom.

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore.

Confidence. If you have it, you can make anything look good. Abstinence from coffee, tobacco. Adventists has afforded a near-unique opportunity.

Clothes can transform your mood and confidence

I think the idea of mixing luxury and mass-market fashion is very modern, very now no one wears head-to-toe designer anymore. I want people to be afraid of the women I dress. Elegance isn’t solely defined by what you wear. Clothes can transform your mood and confidence.

Fashion moves so quickly that, unless you have a strong point of view, you can lose integrity. I like to be real. I don’t like things to be staged or fussy. I think I’d go mad if I didn’t have a place to escape to. You have to stay true to your heritage, that’s what your brand is about.

People out on the streets again

Elegance is not the prerogative of those who have just escaped from adolescence, but of those who have already taken possession of their future.

Fashion fosters cliches of beauty, but I want to tear them apart. Every day I’m thinking about change. The only way to do something in depth is to work hard. For me, art is about learning. I’ve always tried to push myself technically and to push myself visually. That’s been part of the journey. I adore the challenge of creating truly modern clothes, where a woman’s personality and sense of self are revealed.